Allan Wagner is a diplomat with a degree in International Relations. Born in Lima, Peru on February 7, 1942, Mr. Wagner is the older of two brothers. He is son of Carlos Wagner Vizcarra and Antonieta Tizón Ponce. Elementary schooling at the Maristas “San Isidro” School in Lima and high school studies at the “Ignacio Merino” National School in Talara. Engineering studies at the National Universities of Trujillo and of Engineering in Lima, as well as studies at the Catholic University’s Faculty of Arts and the School of Law of San Marcos University.
In 1962 he was selected, through a competitive examination, to work at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Peru in the position of Fifth Assistant and was subsequently placed in charge of matters relating to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). In that capacity, he went to Geneva, Switzerland, for training in trade policy and to participate in international trade negotiations. He also took part in several meetings that culminated in the signing of the Cartagena Agreement and the formation of the Andean Group. In 1966, again by competitive examination, he was accepted at the Peruvian Diplomatic Academy, from which he graduated in December 1967 at the top of his class. He passed the examination to enter the Peruvian Diplomatic Service in the number one position and started his career in the Service as Third Secretary.
His first two posts abroad were in Uruguay and the United States, first as Peru’s Alternate Representative to the Latin American Free Trade Association (LAFTA) in Montevideo, Uruguay (1968-1971) and then – now as Second Secretary-he headed the Economic Department of the Peruvian Embassy in the United States (1972-1974). In 1975, with the rank of First Secretary, he was transferred back to the Foreign Ministry in Lima, where he assumed the position of Director of International Technical and Financial Cooperation (1975-1976) and Director of Latin American Economic Relations and Integration (1976-1977). In 1978, he was promoted to Counselor and posted abroad, this time to the Peruvian Embassy in Chile, where he served as Head of the Political Department (1978-1979). In 1980, he returned to Lima to assume the position of the first Head of Foreign Relations of the then Board of the Cartagena Agreement and was promoted in 1981 to Minister-Counselor. In 1982 he became Cabinet Director for the Minister of Foreign Affairs (1982-1983) and in 1983 was appointed to the Peruvian Embassy in the United States, where he served, first, as Deputy Chief of Mission, the second-ranking officer of the Embassy, and then as Chargé d’Affaires. While holding the latter position, he was promoted in 1984 to Minister in the Diplomatic Service.
In July 1985, he was called to Lima by then President-elect, Alan García Pérez, with whom he was not personally acquainted, and was offered the position of Minister of Foreign Affairs, which he assumed at the age of 43 and held until May 1988. The latter year, through an unprecedented multiparty motion in the National Congress, he was made Ambassador, a position that he had declined on two occasions.
During his first term as Foreign Minister, Allan Wagner Tizón was instrumental in the formation of the Contadora Support Group and worked actively to secure peace and democracy in Central America. As of that experience in Latin American political conciliation, he was involved in the creation of the Rio Group. He was also an advocate of the South Summit Group on Consultation and Cooperation (“Group of 15″), Chairman of the World Conference against Apartheid and on Sanctions against Racist South Africa and Chairman of the Latin American Economic Council (SELA).
Mr. Wagner pushed for the normalizing of relations with Ecuador, which had been negatively affected by the border incident, referred to as the “false Paquisha,” and made the first official visit of a Peruvian Foreign Minister in the history of Peru’s relations with that country. He also promoted the implementation of an important integration program in Bolivia’s high plateau region; Conventions on the joint ownership of Lake Titicaca were ratified, giving rise to the creation of the Binational Authority for the regulation of the shared resource. He restarted the negotiations with Chile for the execution of the 1929 Treaty with regard to Peru’s port facilities and rights-of-way in Arica. At the multilateral level, Wagner called for international recognition of the shared responsibility of debtors and creditors in the face of the foreign debt crisis and the pre-eminence of the right to development over debt service.
On leaving that political position, he returned to his diplomatic career as Peruvian Ambassador to Spain (1988-1990). During the initial months of Alberto Fujimori’s government, he was appointed Peruvian Ambassador to Venezuela. On the day following Fujimori’s self-engineered coup, he resigned from this position because of his democratic convictions and requested his immediate release from active duties in the Diplomatic Service. On December 29 of that year, he was one of the 117 Peruvian diplomats arbitrarily and illegally dismissed by the Fujimori dictatorship. Wagner remained in Caracas and served from 1992 to 1998 as Director of Development in and Advisor to the Latin American Economic System (SELA).
On his return to Peru in 1989 and from his positions as Chairman of the Peruvian Center for International Studies (CEPEI) and as a member of the Civil Association “Transparencia” and of the Andean Commission of Jurists, he played an outstanding role in the fight to reestablish the country’s democracy, while he worked as advisor to the Andean Community General Secretariat. In November 1991, Alejandro Toledo’s democratic government appointed him Ambassador of Peru to the United States, where he remained until July 12, 2002, when he was called upon by the President to serve for the second time as Minister of Foreign Affairs, a position he held until December 15, 2003.
As Ambassador in Washington, Wagner conducted the negotiations that secured the renewal and expansion of the Andean Trade Preferences Act (ATPDEA) and for the first time a President of the United States, George W. Bush, made an official visit to Peru.
During his second term as Foreign Minister, Wagner helped to build up the Andean Community by entering into a “strategic alliance” with Brazil, negotiating Peru’s membership in the MERCOSUR and promoting the country’s participation in the bodies that are responsible for integration and development in the South American Regional Infrastructure Integration Initiative (IIRSA). He also boosted programs to bring about Peru’s strong integration with Bolivia and Ecuador and security agreements with Colombia and fostered strategic associations with Chile and Mexico. Also at the Latin American level, he was responsible for organizing the Summit Meeting of Heads of State and of Government of the 19 Member Countries of the Rio Group that was held in Cusco and to chair that mechanism at the level of Foreign Ministers in 2003. He continued to press for stronger relations with the United States and with the European Union by promoting free trade agreements and investments. At the same time, he worked to improve Peru’s position with the Pacific Basin by negotiating strategic associations with China, Korea and Thailand and, in alliance with the private sector, promoted Peru’s active participation in the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC) and was able to arrange for the country to host the summit meeting of this important mechanism in 2008.
On November 14, 2003, the Andean Council of Foreign Ministers, meeting in enlarged session with the titular Representatives to the Commission, through Decision 568 unanimously elected Ambassador Allan Wagner Secretary General of the Andean Community for the period 2004-2008. He formally assumed his new functions on January 15, 2004 in a ceremony held at the Secretariat headquarters in Lima at which, in the presence of the President of Peru, he proposed the preparation of a new Strategic Design for Andean Integration under the title of “Integration for Globalization.”
In the academic terrain, Wagner in 1982 was one of the founding members of the Peruvian Center for International Studies (CEPEI) and years later (2000 and 2001) served as President of that academic institution. He was a professor at the Peruvian Diplomatic Academy and visiting professor at the Graduate School of the Law and Political Science Faculty of the Central University of Venezuela and of the Integration Faculty of the Simón Bolívar Andean University. He is a member of the Peruvian International Law Society, the Andean Commission of Jurists and the Meritorious Society of Founders of the Independence and Qualified Defenders of the Nation. Also, up until his assumption of the position of Foreign Minister for the second time, in 2002, he was a member of the Civil Association “Transparencia,” from which he resigned for regulatory reasons.
He possesses two of Peru’s highest national awards, the “Gran Cruz de la Orden El Sol del Perú” and the “Orden al Mérito por Servicios Distinguidos” and has been decorated by more than twenty foreign governments.
He is married to Julia de la Guerra Urquiaga, with whom he has five daughters and eleven grandchildren.